What is Angina?
Angina occurs when the heart muscle does not receive adequate oxygen-rich blood, often due to narrowed or blocked arteries to the heart. Angina typically causes pain, tightness, or discomfort in the shoulders/shoulder blades, arms, chest, neck, jaw, or back. Patients may also experience shortness of breath, fatigue, nausea, or indigestion as a variant of their angina, and can vary in severity for each individual person.
How is Angina Diagnosed?
Your physician will determine whether your symptoms follow a stable regular pattern due to the heart being overworked or an unstable, unexpected chest pain that increases in severity and frequency. The latter may suggest a possible heart attack. Following tests may include:
What is the Treatment for Angina?
Treatment for coronary artery disease is multi-faceted including risk factor modification such as controlling blood pressure, sugar, cholesterol with a diet/exercise and sometimes medicine. In cases of significant blockage, stents and/or bypass may be indicated in conjunction with risk factor management described above.