What Causes Congenital Heart Defects?

Doctors often don’t know why heart defects occur, though heredity may play a role.

How are Congenital Heart Defects Diagnosed?​

What are the Symptoms of a Congenital Heart Defect?

Not all congenital heart diseases cause symptoms. Depending on the severity and type of defects symptoms may include shortness of breath, fatigue, leg and stomach swelling, loss of consciousness.

How are Congenital Heart Defects Treated?

Sometimes congenital heart disease requires no treatment at all. It may go away on its own or never cause any problems. Other times, treatment is necessary depending on the kind and severity of the defects.

Some congenital defects must be repaired using catheter procedures or surgery, including:

  • Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) repair

  • Pulmonary valve stenosis repair

  • Open heart surgery

  • Heart transplant



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