What Causes Dyspnea?

Dyspnea (shortness of breath) can be caused by:

  • Diseases of the heart:

  • Disease of the lungs:

  • Systemic disorders​:

  • Blood

  • Bone marrow

  • Thyroid

  • Immune system

  • Deconditioning

What are the Signs/Symptoms of Dyspnea?

Shortness of breath includes difficulty breathing at rest, with activity, while trying to lie flat, and/or waking up short of breath; symptoms can be gradual or sudden in onset.

How is Dyspnea Diagnosed?

Testing for dyspnea includes:

What are the Treatments for Dyspnea?

Treatment for shortness of breath depends on managing the underlying cause which may including medication, procedures, diet/lifestyle modification, exercise, and sometimes oxygen.